These scriptures are known as Jain Agam or Agam Sutras. The Agam Sutras teach great reverence for all forms of life, strict codes of vegetarianism, asceticism . Jain Agam Literature Compiled by. Pravin K. Shah Jain Study Center of NC ( Raleigh). Background. Lord Mahavir’s preaching was orally complied by his. Agamas are original texts of Jainism based on the discourses of the tirthankara. The discourse delivered in a samavasarana (divine preaching hall) is called.

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Table showing Anga scriptures.

They have used the original Agam Sutras as the basis for their work. Views Read Edit View history. Unsurprisingly there were many arguments about which texts were authentic, and different sub-sects still differ over this. Such knowledge comes under the category of ‘Manhaparyaya Jnana’.

They consist of 12 texts that were originally compiled by immediate disciples of Lord Mahavir known as Ganadhars, who possessed absolute knowledge of the soul or keval-jnan.

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Mahavira statue in Cave 32 of the Ellora Caves. The digambaras maintain that original agamas were lost and knowledge of only one anga is available. On this page Find out more Page options Print this page. It also defines the acceptable conduct of monks and nuns. These include, among other things, the rules of conduct for ascetics and the laypeople, as well as the Jain theory of soul, matter and other substances.


Quotations related to Mahavira at Wikiquote. The doctrine of multiple viewpoints Sanskrit: It also provides information on ancient kings.

Vrahat Kalpa Sutra This agam explains which of the ten kinds of repentance Prayashchittas is appropriate for a particular wrongdoing done by monks and nuns. Lord Mahavir’s immediate disciples were known as Ganadharas.

This agam describes the story of ten bother princes. Monk Keshi was the Ganadhara of Lord Parshvanath. In the absence of authentic scriptures, Digambars follow two main texts, three commentaries on main texts, and four Anuyogs consisting of more than 20 texts as the basis for their religious philosophy and practices.

Trivarnachar Vattaura A. While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience. It also describes the penance of Lord Mahavir. This agam describes the five great vows mahavratas and the five worst sins defined in the Jain religion.

Digambara monk Aryika Kshullak Pattavali Acharya. The earliest versions of Jain Agamas known were composed in Ardhamagadhi Prakrit. This agam tells the stories of ten sacred monks attaining liberation Moksha by destroying their karmas.


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This agam explains which of the ten kinds of repentance Prayashchittas is appropriate for a particular wrongdoing done agamxs monks and nuns. There are several other indications of the limits of ascetic life.

BBC – Religions – Jainism: Jain texts

Each tradition has had a distinctive auspicious chest mark that allows devotees to identify a jaij statue to symbolic icon for their theology. In 3rd century B. Number of Ang-bayha agams Lost. Digambaras group texts into four literary categories called ‘exposition’ anuyoga. This agam explains the process of confession and repentance Prayashchitta for monks and nuns.

The thought occurred to me: Colonial-era Indologists considered Jainism and Mahavira’s followers a sect of Buddhism because of superficial similarities in iconography and meditative and ascetic practices.

However, the commentaries Bhashya and Churni written about this agam by some elder monks are available. These texts are the Holy Scriptures of the Jain religion. Diwali Mahavir Jayanti Paryushana Samvatsari.